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Atmospheric scientists hold about 11,800 jobs. The largest employer of meteorologists is the federal government, accounting for about 26 percent of all atmospheric scientists' employment. Most civilian meteorologists work for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service stations across the country. The NOAA also operates a dozen environmental research laboratories, including the Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (which houses the Hurricane Research Division) and the Climate Analysis Branch of the Earth System Research Laboratory. Atmospheric scientists are also employed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research, which is funded by the National Science Foundation. The remainder of the meteorologists work mainly in research and development or management. Additionally, several hundred civilian meteorologists work at the Department of Defense. Many opportunities are also available in the armed forces (such as in the Office of Naval Research Marine Meteorology Division) and in educational settings. There are hundreds of meteorologists teaching at institutions of higher education.

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